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Jan 25, 2014

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

In India, Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

The Constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 but was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country's transition toward becoming an independent republic. 26 January was selected for this purpose because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.

It is one of three national holidays in India, other two being Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti.

REPUBLIC DAY OF INDIA JANUARY 26, 1952 RARE PHOTOS (INDIA RARE PHOTOS)

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

Republic Day Of India Celebrations January 26, 1952 Rare Photos

FOR INDIA'S FIRST REPUBLIC DAY CELEBRATIONS, JANUARY 26, 1950 RARE PHOTOS, CLICK HERE...

India achieved independence from British rule on 15 August 1947 following the Indian independence movement noted for largely peaceful nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience led by the Indian National Congress. India obtained its independence on 15 August 1947 as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and the Earl Mountbatten as governor-general. The country, though, did not yet have a permanent constitution; instead its laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935. On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr.B. R. Ambedkar as chairman. While India's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its constitution.

A draft constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947. The Assembly met, in sessions open to public, for 166 days, spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. After many deliberations and some modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24 January 1950. Two days later, it came into effect throughout the nation.

The main Republic Day celebration is held in the national capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India. On this day, ceremonious parades take place at the Rajpath, which are performed as a tribute to India.
Delhi Republic Day parade

To mark the importance of the occasion, every year a grand parade is held in the capital, New Delhi, from the Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President's residence), along the Rajpath, past India Gate. Prior to its commencement, the Prime Minister lays a floral wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a memorial to unknown soldiers at the India Gate at one end of Rajpath, which is followed by two minutes silence in the memory of unknown soldiers. It is a solemn reminder of the sacrifice of the martyrs who died for the country in the freedom movement and the succeeding wars for the defence of sovereignty of their country. Thereafter he/she reaches the main dais at Rajpath to join other dignitaries, subsequently the President arrives along with the chief guest of the occasion. They are escorted on horseback by the President's Bodyguard.

The Beating Retreat ceremony officially denotes the end of Republic Day festivities. It is conducted on the evening of 29 January, the third day after the Republic Day. It is performed by the bands of the three wings of the military, the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. The venue is Raisina Hills and an adjacent square, Vijay Chowk, flanked by the north and south block of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's Palace) towards the end of Rajpath.

The Chief Guest of the function is the President of India who arrives escorted by the (PBG), a cavalry unit. When the President arrives, the PBG commander asks the unit to give the National Salute, which is followed by the playing of the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana, by the Army developed the ceremony of display by the massed bands in which Military Bands, Pipe and Drum Bands, Buglers and Trumpeters from various Army Regiments besides bands from the Navy and Air Force take part which play popular tunes like Abide With Me, Mahatma Gandhi's favourite hymn, and Saare Jahan Se Achcha at the end.

Since 1950, India has been hosting head of state or government of another country as the state guest of honour for Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi. During 1950-1954, Republic Day celebrations were organized at different venues (like Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, Red Fort and Ramlila Grounds). It was only starting 1955 when the parade in its present form was organized at Rajpath. The guest country is chosen after a deliberation of strategic, economic and political interests.

SOURCE: Government of India Photo Division
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