728x90 AdSpace

Latest News

Powered by Blogger.
Apr 14, 2016

Srivilliputhur Andal Temple, Tamil Nadu, India in 1868 (Old Indian Photos)

Another view of the large Srivilliputhur Andal Temple Car: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868

Srivilliputhur Andal temple (also called Srivilliputtur Divya Desam) in Srivilliputhur, a town in Virudhunagar district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. It is located 74 km from Madurai. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Vadapathrasayi and his consort Lakshmi as Andal. It is believed to be the birth place of two of the Azhwars, namely Periazhwar and his foster daughter Andal. Read More in Wikipedia...

SRIVILLIPUTHUR ANDAL TEMPLE, TAMIL NADU, INDIA IN 1868 [VINTAGE / RARE / OLD INDIAN PHOTOS]

The large Srivilliputhur Andal Temple Car: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868
The large Srivilliputhur Andal Temple Car: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868, Photographer: Lyon, Edmund David

Description: Print from an album of 41 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. In this view of the richly-carved wooden temple car at Srivilliputhur, the European figure posing by one of the wheels may be Lyon himself. Lyon's 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India' (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, gives the following description ‘Immediately opposite to the Tower is the Wooden Car, one of the largest and handsomest to be found in the South. It was built only about 25 years ago, by a rich native who obtained permission from the priests to break up and remodel all the wretched small cars which at different epochs had been made and given to the temple,....is 40 feet high, with a staircase inside by which access is obtained to the top, and here the god is placed at the yearly festival…The car on these occasions is beautifully decorated with flags and wreaths of flowers, the god literally covered with jewels…the so-called musicians from the temple playing their different instruments; the dancing-girls, gorgeously dressed in the brightest colours, capering around, or throwing themselves into the most fantastic attitudes ; thousands of men, women, and children…grouped together, yelling, gesticulating, and vociferating, - make a scene rarely to be equalled, - never to be forgotten; and when at last the enormous ropes, as thick as a man's leg, are attached to the car, and are seized by the countless thousands, the ponderous mass begins to move, the yelling is redoubled, and the dancing and the music increase in a tenfold degree’.

PLEASE SUBSCRIBE


VISIT MEREPIX.COM YOUTUBE CHANNEL FOR MORE...

The large pyramidal tower at entrance: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868
The large pyramidal tower at entrance: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868, Photographer: Lyon, Edmund David

Description: Print from an album of 41 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. Srivilliputhur is a small town in Tamil Nadu, famous as the birthplace of one of the Alwar saints, the poetess Andal. There are two temples here, one dedicated to Andal and dating to about the eighth century and one to Lord Vatapatrasayi (a form of Vishnu), which is of an older date. Both are linked by a garden, and the entrance to the Vatapatrasayi temple is crowned by an immense tower or gopuram, one of the tallest in South India. This gopuram has been adopted by the Tamil Nadu Government as its emblem. Lyon's 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India' (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, gives the following description, 'This Gateway, which is considered one of the finest and best proportioned in Southern India...is nearly 200 feet high, the pyramidal part of the tower being of brick and plaster, rises through eleven storeys exclusive of the base and the waggon-shaped roof. It is not only particularly pleasing in form, but elegant in its details, figure sculpture being only sparingly used, and then only where its presence is conducive to the general effect'.

Another view of the large Srivilliputhur Andal Temple Car: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868
Another view of the large Srivilliputhur Andal Temple Car: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868, Photographer: Lyon, Edmund David

Description: Print from an album of 41 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. Direct, side-on view of the temple car at Srivilliputhur, showing the carving in more detail. Lyon's 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India' (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, gives the following description, 'Some of the representations of the most revered of the gods are often besmeared with oil, on which the dust of course is constantly collecting, so that much of the minute beauties of the carvings are obliterated.' The car-festival at Srivilliputhur is very famous in Tamil Nadu, and the temple car or chariot is one of the biggest in the South. The deities are placed in the car which is pulled around four streets of the town during what is known as the Thiruther Utsavam of the Thiruvadipuram Festival. In a frenzy of religious fervour, devotees sometimes threw themselves under the wheels and were crushed. The English word 'juggernaut', meaning an irresistible destroying force, derived from the car festival of the Jagganath temple in Puri because of such incidents. In Lyon's time the Srivilliputhur car sat on massive wooden wheels. Today, they have been replaced by steel-framed ones with hydraulic brakes.

Tank and portions of old temple outside the town: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868
Tank and portions of old temple outside the town: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868, Photographer: Lyon, Edmund David

Description: Print from an album of 41 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. View looking across a tank (with central island shrine) towards the gopuram of a temple at Srivilliputhur. Lyon's 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India' (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, gives the following description, 'About a mile outside the village is a small tank and another temple, into which no strangers are allowed to enter. It is also dedicated to Vishnu, and has several small cars belonging to it placed under the thatched roof seen in the Photograph. The long stone roof on the left is of a form seldom seen in or about Hindu temples. It only covers, however, two large stone rooms, perfectly empty and neglected, with a few figures carved on one or two of the pillars'.

Carvings on stone base of tower: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868
Carvings on stone base of tower: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple (Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu, India), Year: 1868, Photographer: Lyon, Edmund David

Description: Print from an album of 41 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. Close-up view of base of the famous temple gopuram or entrance tower, one of the tallest in southern India, belonging to the Vatapatrasayi temple of Srivilliputhur, a little temple town of Tamil Nadu. Lyon's 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India' (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, gives the following description, '...the base of the...Tower...is of granite, and about 30 feet high, and richly carved. From the character of its details it may be assumed to be at least a century older than Trimul Nayak's [Tirumala Nayaka's] buildings, at Madura, and probably was erected in the first half of the sixteenth century. The temple itself is dedicated to Vishnu, and no strangers are allowed to enter it'.
  • Blogger Comments
  • Facebook Comments

0 comments:

Post a Comment

Item Reviewed: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple, Tamil Nadu, India in 1868 (Old Indian Photos) Rating: 5 Reviewed By: MERE PIX
Scroll to Top