Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)

The Dilwara Temples or Delvada Temples are a group of svetambara Jain temples located about 2+1⁄2 kilometres from the Mount Abu settlement, Rajasthan's only hill station in Sirohi District, Rajasthan, India. The earliest were built by Vimal Shah and supposedly designed or at least financed by Vastupala, Jain minister of Dholka. They date between the 11th and 16th centuries, forming some of the most famous monuments in the style of Māru-Gurjara architecture, famous for their use of a very pure white marble and intricate marble carvings. They are managed by Seth Shri Kalyanji Anandji Pedhi, Sirohi and are a pilgrimage place for Jains, and a significant general tourist attraction. Although Jains built many temples at other places in Rajasthan, the Dilwara temples are believed to be the most impressive.

Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)

Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)
Doorway and Upper Pillars, Dilwara Temples, Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)

Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)
Interior of Dilwara Temples, Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)

Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)
Marble Carved Ceilings Showing Jain Mythology in Dilwara Temples, Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)

Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)
Interior in Dilwara Temples, Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)

Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)
Interior of Dilwara Temples Showing Pillars and Roof Dome, Rare Old Photos of Dilwara Temples (Jain Temple), Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (1882)

The temple complex is in the midst of a range of forested hills. There are five temples in all, each with its own unique identity. All the five temples are enclosed within a single high walled compound. The group is named after the small village of Dilwara or Delvara in which they are located. The five temples are:

(1) Vimal Vasahi, dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankara, Shri Adinatha

(2) Luna Vasahi, dedicated to the 22nd Jain Tirthankara, Shri Neminatha

(3) Pittalhar, dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankar, Shri Adinatha

(4) Parshvanath, dedicated to the 23rd Jain Tirthankara, Shri Parshvanatha

(5) Mahavir Swami, dedicated to the last Jain Tirthankara, Shri Mahaviraswami

The five Dilwara Temples are among the most famous Jain temples. The Vimal Vasahi is much the earliest, constructed by 1031, with the Luna Vasahi by 1230, and the others at intervals between 1459 and 1582. All are in a very white marble that adds greatly to their effect, and remain in use. 

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