Rare Old Photo of Kalyanikutty Ammachi (wife of the Maharaja of Travancore Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma), Kerala, India (1868)

Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma (1832–1880)

Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma was the ruler of the princely state of Travancore in India from 1860 to 1880. His reign was highly successful with Travancore gaining the appellation of "model state of India". 

Kalyanikutty Ammachi (1839-1909), Nagercoil Ammaveedu Mathruppillil (wife of the Maharaja of Travancore Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma)

Rare Old Photo of Kalyanikutty Ammachi (wife of the Maharaja of Travancore Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma), Kerala, India (1868)

Rare Old Photo of Kalyanikutty Ammachi (wife of the Maharaja of Travancore Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma), Kerala, India (1868)
Rare Old Photo of Kalyanikutty Ammachi (wife of the Maharaja of Travancore Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma), Kerala, India (1868)


After the death of Thiruvattar Ammachi, his first consort, the Maharajah of Travancore Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma married again in 1862 to Kalyanikutty Amma of Mathruppillil, a prestigious family of Nadavarambu, Irinjalakuda, Thrissur in the neighbouring state of Cochin. She was born in 1839 as the only daughter of Nadavarambathu Kunju Krishna Menon, a former Dewan of Cochin and his wife Mathruppillil Lakshmi Amma. She was first married to Punnakkal Easwara Pillai Vicharippukar. Kalyanikutty Amma was a woman of renowned beauty and the first commission given to Raja Ravi Varma by Ayilyam Thirunal was for her portrait. In 1865 after their marriage, she was adopted by the Maharajah into the Nagercoil Ammaveedu after which her full title became Nagercoil Ammachi Panapillai Amma Srimathi Lakshmi Pillai Kalyanikutty Pillai Ammachi. Nagercoil Ammachi was also a scholar of Sanskrit and a poet in her own right, having authored Rasa Krida, Satya Panchakam, Pativrataya Panchakam, Ambarishacharitram and other works. Kalyanikutty Ammachi died in 1909. The Maharajah had no children of his own from either marriage. However along with his consort he adopted two nieces and nephew of hers.

Kingdom of Travancore

The Kingdom of Travancore, also known as the Kingdom of Thiruvithamkoor, was an Indian kingdom from c. 1729 until 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram, and later Thiruvananthapuram. At its zenith, the kingdom covered most of the south of modern-day Kerala (Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kollam, and Thiruvananthapuram districts, and some portions of Ernakulam district), and the southernmost part of modern-day Tamil Nadu (Kanyakumari district and some parts of Tenkasi district) with the Thachudaya Kaimal's enclave of Irinjalakuda Koodalmanikyam temple in the neighbouring Kingdom of Cochin.

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