Rare Old Photo of Tukoji Rao Holkar II, Maharaja of Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India (1875)

Tukoji Rao Holkar II, Maharaja of Indore (3 May 1835 – 17 June 1886) 

Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Tukoji Rao II Holkar XI Bahadur GCSI CIE was the Maharaja of Indore (Holkar State) belonging to the Holkar dynasty of the Marathas. Tukoji Rao Holkar II was born on May 3, 1835 whose birth name was Shrimant Yukaji Jaswant Holkar. Tukoji Rao Holkar II was the son of Raja Shrimant Santoji Rao Holkar, from the collateral branch of the Holkar dynasty.

Rare Old Photo of Tukoji Rao Holkar II, Maharaja of Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India (1875)

Rare Old Photo of Tukoji Rao Holkar II, Maharaja of Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India (1875)
Rare Old Photo of Tukoji Rao Holkar II, Maharaja of Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India (1875)


This photo is from series of photographs from a published volume documenting the tour the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII, made of India in 1875-76.

On the death of Khande Rao Holkar II in 1844 former Maharaja Marthand Rao Holkar claimed the throne for himself, but his request, backed by many nobles, was not given by the British. Krishna Bai Holkar Sahiba, one of the widows of Yashwant Rao Holkar, suggested the name of the younger son of Bhao Santoji Holkar (uncle of Marthand Rao). The proposal was accepted and the 12-year-old Jaswant Holkar was installed with the regnal name of Tukoji Rao Holkar II on 23 June 1844.

The regency council, controlled by the resident continued. At the age of 16, in 1848, Tukoji Rao Holkar II began participating in the government formally. Krishna Bai died in 1849 and Tukoji Rao Holkar II further expanded his participation in the affairs and soon was granted all the powers (8 March 1852) on attaining 20 years of age. In this period many reforms were introduced.

In 1846 Tukoji Rao Holkar II married Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Mhalsa Bai Sahib Holkar (known as Rukhma Bai, who died of cholera in Indore in June 1848). After her death, he married Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Bhagirathi Bai Sahib Holkar and Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Radha Bai Sahib Holkar. In the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Indore State stayed loyal to the British side.

Tukoji Rao Holkar II died at Maheshwar on 17 June 1886 and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son Shivaji Rao Holkar, born in 1859.

Holkar Dynasty

The Holkar dynasty was a Maratha clan of Dhangar origin in India. The Holkars were generals under Peshwa Baji Rao I, and later became Maharajas of Indore in Central India as an independent member of the Maratha Empire until 1818. Later, their kingdom became a princely state under the protectorate of British India.

The dynasty was founded with Malhar Rao, who joined the service of the Peshwas of the Maratha Empire in 1721, and quickly rose to the rank of Subedar. The name of the dynasty was associated with the title of the ruler, who was known informally as Holkar Maharaja.

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